Between 1989 and 1997, the Army experienced a 300 percent increase in operational deployments. Army Reserve Soldiers were among the nearly 26,000 troops deployed.
There were 15 Army Reserve units and 311 individual Army Reserve Soldiers called to duty for the carefully planned and well-executed operation that overwhelmed the Panamanian Defense Forces of Dictator Manuel Noriega. The goal: restore order and arrest Noriega on drug-trafficking charges.
Upper Right: A Panamanian citizen displays a Just Cause sign in protest against Panamanian Gen. Manuel Noriega.
Civil Affairs: Making a Difference