A Dedicated and Diverse Workforce
Army Reserve Soldiers serve in many different ways, in Troop Program Units, in the Individual Mobilization Augmentee (IMA) program or as part of the Active Guard Reserve. The Army Reserve family also includes thousands of dedicated civilian employees who provide continuity and expertise to the organization.
Army Reserve Soldiers combine civilian experience with military training to provide specialized skills for military missions around the world.
Army Reserve Soldiers are both educated and experienced, often bringing valuable civilian-acquired skills to the Army Reserve. Examples include doctors, utility workers, teachers, mechanics and law enforcement. Army Reserve Soldiers are also experienced in the military—up to half the Soldiers who join each year have prior Active Duty experience in the Army, Navy, Air Force or Marines.
Enlisted and Officers
Army Soldiers are divided into two broad groups: Enlisted and Officers.
Most Soldiers begin their career in the Army Reserve as Enlisted Soldiers with the rank of private or specialist. Enlisted Soldiers with additional experience and training assume leadership responsibilities in their units and are recognized as Noncommissioned Officers (NCO). NCO ranks are corporal, sergeant, staff sergeant, sergeant first class, master sergeant, first sergeant, sergeant major and command sergeant major. Approximately 80% of Army Reserve Soldiers are Enlisted, and about half of those are NCOs.
Officers are Soldiers who have completed special leadership training. Warrant Officers hold warrants from their service secretary and are experts in certain military technologies or capabilities. The commissioned ranks are the highest in the military. These Officers hold presidential commissions and are confirmed at their ranks by the Senate. Commissioned officer ranks are Lieutenant, Captain, Major, Lieutenant Colonel, Colonel and General Officer. Approximately 20% of Army Reserve Soldiers are Officers.
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