U.S. Army Reserve Command

America's Army Reserve generates combat ready units and Soldiers for the Army and Joint Warfighter that are trained, equipped and lethal to win our Nation's wars.


U.S. Army Reserve Command has over 20 offices, each with an individual mission and function that contributes to the accomplishment of the overall mission of the command.

Operational groups such as personnel, logistics, operations, training and resource management are responsible for the daily work involved in managing, training and equipping the Army Reserve’s Soldiers and units across the continental United States.

Special staff offices provide technical support and guidelines to U.S. Army Reserve Command and Army Reserve units across the country. These offices include public affairs, safety and enterprise services.

The Executive staff includes the leaders of U.S. Army Reserve Command and their personal staff. The leaders are the Commanding General, the Deputy Commanding General, the Chief of Staff and the Command Sergeant Major. The personal staff includes the Staff Judge Advocate (legal), Inspector General, Historian and Chaplain.


A Dedicated and Diverse Workforce  

The Army Reserve is an organization of people working hard to serve the Army and the nation. Army Reserve Soldiers are the most diverse group in the Army and come from a wide variety of communities and backgrounds.

Army Reserve Soldiers serve in many different ways, in Troop Program Units, in the Individual Ready Reserve or as part of the Active Guard Reserve. The Army Reserve family also includes thousands of dedicated civilian employees who provide continuity and expertise to the organization.

Army Reserve Soldiers combine civilian experience with military training to provide specialized skills for military missions around the world. 

Army Reserve Soldiers are both educated and experienced, often bringing valuable civilian-acquired skills to the Army Reserve. Examples include doctors, utility workers, teachers, mechanics and policemen. Army Reserve Soldiers are also experienced in the military—up to half the Soldiers who join each year have prior Active Duty experience in the Army, Navy, Air Force or Marines.


Enlisted and Officers:
Army Soldiers are divided into two broad groups: Enlisted and Officers.

Most Soldiers begin their career in the Army Reserve as Enlisted Soldiers with the rank of private or specialist. Enlisted Soldiers with additional experience and training assume leadership responsibilities in their units and are recognized as Noncommissioned Officers (NCO). NCO ranks are corporal, sergeant, staff sergeant, seargeant first class, master sergeant, first sergeant, sergeant major and command sergeant major.  Approximately 80% of Army Reserve Soldiers are Enlisted, and about half of those are NCOs.

Officers are Soldiers who have completed special leadership training. Warrant Officers hold warrants from their service secretary and are experts in certain military technologies or capabilities. The commissioned ranks are the highest in the military. These Officers hold presidential commissions and are confirmed at their ranks by the Senate. Commissioned officer ranks are Lieutenant, Captain, Major, Lieutenant Colonel, Colonel and General Officer.  Approximately 20 percent of Army Reserve Soldiers are Officers.


Diversity: The Army Reserve is the most diverse component of the Army, with more women and minorities than Active Duty or the Army National Guard.

Education: Soldiers in the Army Reserve can take advantage of Army bonuses and scholarships to get college degrees.  A four-year college degree is mandatory for all Commissioned Officers above the rank of Lieutenant, and many Officers have graduate degrees.  About 15 percent of the Enlisted Soldiers in the Army Reserve have a bachelor’s degree, and 2 percent have master’s or doctoral degrees.

Age: Qualified individuals between the ages of 17 and 40 can join the Army Reserve and serve until their mandatory removal date.  The average age of officers in the Army Reserve is approximately 42, and the average age of enlisted Soldiers is 31.