World War I
The Dental Reserve Corps, which was part of the Medical Reserve Corps, offered opportunities for African-American dentists. African-Americans have been part of the Army Reserve since World War I. In 1917, history notes, 639 "colored" Reserve officers (as the segregated Army then designated them) were commissioned from the Officers' Training Camp at Fort Des Moines, Iowa. (Photo courtesy Army Reserve History Office)

Photo by: U.S. Army Signal Corps |  VIRIN: 170811-A-XN107-004.JPG