The Persian Gulf War developed out of the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait on Aug. 2, 1990. The international armed intervention followed in January 1991. Black Soldiers - making up about 22 percent of the total Army - followed a rich tradition of honorably serving in the U.S. Forces.
Since the Armed Forces were integrated in 1948, the Army has been committed to racial diversity and equal opportunity to all Soldiers.
In the past several years, the Army has become even more proactive to recruit and train a diverse force since the terrorist attacks of Sept. 11, 2001.Senior leadership established the Diversity Task Force in 2007 to review diversity programs.
The Equal Opportunity program, under Deputy Chief of Staff, G-1, Human Resources, creates opportunities and programs to ensure fair treatment for all.
In 2003, there were approximately 254,000 blacks serving the Army as an Active-Duty, Reserves or National Guard Soldier, or as an Army Civilian, according to the U.S. Office of Army Demographics.
This was 20.3 percent of the total Army. In the general U.S. population, 12.7 percent of 18 to 55-year-olds are black. This continued the trend of the late 20th Century, when the percentage of black Americans serving the Army was higher than the percentage of blacks in the general U.S. population. This demographic trend continues today.
As of fiscal year 2013, black Soldiers made up 21% of the Active Duty Army, 14% of the National Guard and 22% of the Army Reserve.
On Jan. 20, 2013, Barack Obama was sworn in to a second term as the 44th president of the United States.
As president, Obama is also the commander in chief of the Army and the rest of the U.S. armed forces.Every day, black Soldiers serve the United States - in Afghanistan, Iraq, Kuwait, South Korea and many other nations - in overseas operations.
Today's black Soldiers follow in the footsteps of those who have served with distinction and honor for hundreds of years.