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Current efforts building the Military Support to Governance (38G) capacity within the U.S. Army Reserve are routine boards conducted by the Civil Affairs proponent - the U.S. Army JFK Special Warfare Center and School, to evaluate civilian experience for direct appointment as a Military Support to Governance (38G) Officer.
We are seeking Direct Appointment Candidates who are civilians working within one of the 18 Skill Identifiers. Officers and Enlisted are also eligible for this program and the same requirements below may apply.
General eligibility requirements
* Please review DoD Instructions 6130.03, Volume 1 Medical Standard for Military Service. Some medical condition can be waived, others cannot. If you have an issue you would like to discuss prior to putting the work in a packet you’re welcome to bring the issue up with the USACAPOC(A) SIG Point of Contact.
Your activity on a drill weekend will vary monthly and may be different based on your leadership and personal initiative. If you have to fly into drill, or drive long distances, a hotel room will be provided for you on Friday night. It’s up to the individual Officer to determine his travel arrangements. In general, an early morning formation will begin on Saturday and accountability will be taken and leadership will put out the plan for the day. The plan is reiterating the schedule since it will be provided by email in advance. Following formation, varying task and trainings are completed. Trainings for 38Gs will largely be driven by the 38G community and because of the new nature of the branch training ideas are welcome.
Recent examples of training include computer simulated war games prepared by professors at the University of Pittsburg that simulate internally displaced persons moving across a region and other hostile forces creating civil disruptions that Coalition Forces have to mitigate. There is also administrative work required such as performance evaluations and record updates. Twice a year physical fitness test are conducted.
A portion of training will be on elementary Soldiering proficiencies such as weapons training. Once a year, a weekend will be dedicated weapons training. Other training may include convoy training, setting up your section organizationally and case studies of previous missions. Each unit is aligned with a geographical Command and updates may be included in a drill bringing Soldiers up to speed on emerging issues. You may be tasked (or take the initiative) to prepare a brief (1/2 page or 1 slide) summary of what significant events have occurred in your area of focus in the area your unit is assigned to support.
Ideally you’ll take initiative with your fellow 38Gs across the CACOMs and develop your own training plans and learn from each other. This is a rare component of the military where you are encouraged to create your own products, studies and resources since you’re bringing the expertise the Army currently does not possess.
Drill weekends typically conclude around 1700 on Sunday. Individuals that have limited flight options and have to depart a couple hours early are typically granted that flexibility.
Can't make it to training? Excuses for trainings are commonly granted. You do not want to consistently miss your units training for a variety of reasons, but if family or civilian career priorities arise, there is a process to request making up a training or be excused from training. The decision to grant the request is at the discretion of your immediate supervisor and Company Commander.
38G positions are available at every Civil Affairs Battalion, Brigade and CACOM. A CACOM is a Civil Affairs Command and is led by a Brigadier General. The CACOM locations are as follows and they support the identified UCC (Unified Combatant Command):
350CACOM: Pensacola, FL (USSOUTHCOM)351CACOM: Mountain View, CA (INDOPACOM)352CACOM: Fort Mead, MD (USCENTCOM) & (USAFRICOM)353CACOM: Staten Island, NY (USEUCOM)
The breakdown of units that are part of USACAPOC and their respective units are detailed here
You can join a unit at the Battalion and Brigade level which may offer more convenient locations but the preference is to serve at the CACOM level. If you join a local unit your training and operations will likely also be coordinated and integrated at the CACOM level. The reason for the hybrid model is because there will be a limited number of 38Gs present at the Brigade and Battalion and the very specialized nature of the 38G expertise lends itself to higher level coordination. The balance of training, operations and overall flexibility is at the discretion of your chain of command.
The most important requirement in this process is patience. Currently, the process can take up to 2.5 years to complete to when you would join your unit. There currently is no consistent schedule of board dates. Following the board, the scrolling process will take anywhere from 6 months to several years. Because this is a new process the most recent individuals selected for the program took 2 years from the date of their selection by the panel to be commissioned.
Again, you must remain patient, it is a long process. The speed of getting in uniform is dependent on a number of factors both in and out of the selectees control. Prepare for a long and at times frustrating process.
The first step is to create your packet for the 38G direct commissioning board. Your packet will consist of the following:
1. Direct Appointment Application. The form will be provided. The form request 3 references. The references can be the same parties as your letters of recommendation (see below) or separate individuals.
2. CV/Resume. No mandated required format, but it must include the specific months worked (ie March 2012 – September 2015, rather than 2012-2015). Professional experience is a key aspect of Direct Commission candidacy, so you are encouraged to include all relevant details;
3. Narrative essay (750 words): This should be a statement that can be read and digested rapidly by members of the board, an overall statement of purpose highlighting what the candidate thinks are your strongest “selling points” for Direct Commission and what your fundamental motivation is. Please sign.
4. 3 Letters of Recommendation. The letters should be addressed to the "the members of the 38G Direct Commissioning Board" and should speak to your eligibility to be an officer in the US Army and your competence relating to the 38G skill identifier you are seeking. The letters of recommendation are to be accepted by you and included in your packet. The references do not have to send their recommendations to a designated email or address. Have the recommendations signed.
5. Scans of transcripts and diplomas. We do not need official sealed paper copies of transcripts sent to us via postal mail. Applicants should scan and send transcripts for all colleges and universities attended.
Transcripts must include the following:a. all courses attended and grades receivedb. proof of degree conferralc. date of degree conferrald. grading policy and scale
6. DD214 (Only applicable to prior service members) Please redact your SS# on your DD214 to ensure your personal identifiable information is not compromised over unclassified email systems.
Put your files into a single pdf file in the order detailed in the checklist provided. Send the packet to Military Government Specialist AOC Manager at the Special Operations Center of Excellence email@example.com.
Yes, if the 38G is interested in the opportunity and the board assigns the Officer to a unit. It is very unlikely that a 38G without prior military experience would be selected as a Commander.
It is also noteworthy that the US Army Reserve Command (USARC) has thousands of branch immaterial positions available. Branch immaterial means the position does not require a specific branch and any qualified Officer may hold the position. Although these possibilities exist, newly appointed 38G Officer are expected to serve in the 38G roll for at least 3 years before seeking 38A or branch immaterial positions.
Currently 38G positions are unique to the Army Reserve (COMPO 3) and there are no active duty (COMPO 1) positions. There are also no 38G positions in the National Guard (COMPO 2). Although this is subject to change in the future the vast majority of 38G’s, like 38A, will always be in the Reserves by the nature of the civilian focused specialty. If a 38G spent too much time on active duty they risk losing their everyday connections with their private sector field and network which is the strength they bring to the force.
Yes, being deployed is always a possibility when joining the Army Reserves. 38G’s are not prevalent at the tactical level and 38G concentrated at higher levels of the Civil Affairs Command are less likely to be deployed as a unit. A 38G can be a useful resource remotely, which makes them more useful to subordinate units around the world without utilizing a deployment. In conclusion, deployment is a possibility but not a certainty.
Yes. Your contract only becomes binding after you have accepted the formal offer of commission which occurs after Human Resources Command has completed processing, security clearance investigation and medical in-processing. Until this process is complete, which will take some time, a candidate can withdraw from consideration.
Yes. Whenever you enter a unit the in-coming unit needs to accept you, and unlike the active duty component, you also agree to be part of that unit. Since there are many empty 38G slots it’s almost guaranteed that the Commander of the unit you want to serve with will accept your request.
At present the default will be for you to be assigned to the CACOM closest to your home of record. You can work with your CACOM POC (Provided after you are approved by the board) to see if being assigned and/or drilling with a local unit can be worked out occasionally. You can join a CACOM that is further from the closest CACOM from your home of record if mutually agreed upon between you and the CACOM.
Most Army Officers are encouraged to change units every 2-3 years. 38Gs are not required to change units, but can change units if they desire. There are limited 38G positions available within the US Army Reserves so there are currently no units to experience outside of USACAPOC(A).
The training plan for the year is provided the summer before the new training year. The training year is consistent with the federal fiscal calendar, which begins October 1, and ends September 30. The training calendar provides sufficient time to plan around the trainings.
There is a process to make up trainings if you have significant personal conflicts. The approval of the alternative training plan is at the discretion of your assigned Chain of Command. Some weekends are easier to make-up than others. For example, a weekend that involves weapons training is difficult to make up because of the access to ranges.
Your performance is evaluated on an annual basis by your “rater” and “senior rater.” Your rater, who is your supervisor will rate you on the following during the rating period: character, presence (physical fitness, confidence), intellect, leadership, development (creates a positive workplace environment, develops others and self) and achievements (getting results). The senior rater will determine how you compare to other Officers in your grade. The senior rater can only rate the top 49% of his Officers at your rank as “Most Qualified.” The other 51% of Officers are rated as either highly qualified, qualified or not qualified.
If the direct commissioning board grants you a commission, your commission will be a Captain, Major, Lt Colonel or Colonel based on your education, civilian experience, military experience (if applicable) and other certifications and criteria outlined DoD Directive 1312.03.
Civil Affairs branch is a non-acession branch so there are no lieutenants. If you are accepted into the program the minimum rank is CPT. Although the rank of Lt Colonel or Colonel is a theoretical possibility it’s very unlikely a candidate will qualify for a commission at these higher ranks. Since the inception of 38G direct appointments no candidate has commission at the Lt Colonel or Colonel rank.
The initial board that reviews your packet does not determine your rank. The initial board will determine if you are eligible for a Commission. Rank is subsequently determined based on DoD Directive 1312.03 and will be communicated to you when your complete the scrolling process. If your rank is Captain or Major you’ll immediately be eligible for a commission when your scrolling process has been completed. The scrolling process is the Army process consisting of medical review, security clearance and other organizational approvals required. If your rank is determined to be Lt Colonel or Colonel your packet will have to appear before another board.
Eight years. Six years with standard Army Reserve training requirements and an additional 2 years in the Individual Ready Reserve (IRR) where you can be called up for service but are not required to attend trainings. After your initial commitment if you decide to stay in the Army you can serve up until your mandatory retirement date (MRD) or discontinue service at any time. Being called into service from the IRR is extremely rare, but the likelihood would increase in the event of a major conflict.
If you’ve resigned your commission in the last two years you do not have to attend the direct commission course. If you’ve resigned your Army commission previous to the last two years, there is a process by which the JFK Special Warfare Center and School Commanding General can waive the requirement based on the time as a Commissioned Officer, duration of time away from service and other factors. Candidates will be notified of a waivers approval before they commit to their service obligation. Previous Officers may also want to inquire about a separate reappointment board to see if they qualify. If qualified the Officer may be reappointed to their previous branch and not have to attend BOLC A or BOLC B. The Officer would then be required to attend the Officer 38G Branch Transfer Class which is still underdevelopment, but likely to be 29 days of training at Fort Jackson.
The vast majority of civilian employers are supportive of employee’s service in the Reserves, but that is not always the case. There are federal laws that protect reservist from certain adverse actions related to an employee’s military service. The law covering your rights are commonly referred to as the Uniformed Services Employment and Reemployment Rights Act, or USERRA. The protections include refusing to hire you because you’re in the reserves, or firing you because you’re in the reserves. It is recommended you have an honest dialogue with your employer regarding your wishes to join the Army Reserves as the commitment will require additional flexibility. Additional information and support can be provided upon request from ESGR.mil.
Benefits information can be found here:
Pay is dependent on your rank and cumulative time in service. Compensation information can be found here:
All candidates must be able to perform and meet the minimum physical fitness criteria as graded by the Army’s ACFT: https://www.army.mil/acft/
Candidates must also meet the Army’s height and weight standards found here:
In addition to the one weekend a month and two weeks a year 38G recruits that are not already commissioned officers will be required to attend a 6 week direct appointment class that will teach them Army customs and courtesies, organization and basic Soldier proficiencies. The class will be similar in format to the class attorneys (JAG) and medical professionals are required to take prior to receiving their commission. This class is currently conducted at Fort Benning. This Direct Commissioning Course (DCC) is also know as Basic Officer Leadership Couse A (BOLC A).
There will be multiple class date options and you can select a class date that works with your other commitments. The class needs to be completed within 18 months of being commissioned. You can train with your assigned unit before completing the class.
The second professional Officer’s Course will follow the direct appointment class but does not have to be immediately attended following BOLC A. The second course is commonly referred to as BOLC B and consist of Officer skills that are more specific to Civil Affairs. This course is currently under development and is likely to be 9 – 12 weeks long. The course location is likely to be at Fort Jackson
This second course doesn’t have to be completed in the same year as the direct appointment school. For a limited period of time until the course is developed Officers may attend the Finance or Adjunct General BOLC B courses. This option is available since the 38G Civil Affairs Course is not available yet.
Your Officer’s Classes noted above count towards your 2 weeks of annual duty. If a Candidate would prefer to do both these trainings and the 2 week exercise with their units that can be accommodated.
No. The program understands that there are specialist within the functional specialist. This is why each functional specialty will eventually be aligned with an institution. The first specialty to reach this milestone is the 6V Cultural Heritage specialty which has partnered with the Smithsonian. The institutional partnerships, coupled with collaborative technology, means you’ll be able to present problems among your military counterparts and the aligned institution. If there are other high level professionals you believe should be part of the collaborative effort you’ll be empowered to invite them to participate in the collaboration.
A Google search of “Army Civil Affairs” will provide countless articles and other sources of information. There may not be specific information relating to your functional specialty since a number of specialties have a minimal number of Officers and the SI is yet to be fully operational. If you do begin reading Civil Affairs related articles and stories you’ll recognize components of your specialty directly or indirectly embedded in previous missions and trainings. The Army doctrine and official guide for Civil Affairs is FM3-57.
As long as funds are available, the Army will reimburse you for travel expenses up to $500 a month if you live greater than 150 miles from the post. In addition, the Army will provide lodging as well. Although reimbursement has been consistent, over the past several years Officers are reminded this program is not an entitlement and there have been years when the funds have been depleted.
• 100 percent of DoD’s conventional PSYOP forces
• Trans-Regional Civil Information Management
• 95 percent of DoD’s conventional CA forces
• Home of the Army Reserve's only IO group
4037 Pratt Street, Building A 5585
Fort Bragg, NC 28310
General Inquiries: 910-908-4742
Media Inquiries: 910-432-2035/910-643-3923
EMAIL: USACAPOC(A) General Inquiries
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RETENTION: Contact Your Army Reserve Career Counselor here
The foundation of the functional specialist capability is comprised of military government specialists (38G) with 18 skill identifiers and 8 other Army capabilities. The preponderance of this capability is maintained within the U.S Army Reserve force, while a minimal capability comprised of the other Army functional specialist capabilities resides within the Active Component CA formations. When civilian expertise normally provided by USG agencies is not available, CA functional specialists may be required to fill key planning, operational, or liaison roles until replaced by other governmental departments and agencies or counterparts. Expand from the lest below to discover the specific capabilities provided by these functional specialists.
The 38G/4A industry and production specialist advises and assists on, or reestablishes and directs, the analysis, assessment, planning, and implementation of productive processes in industry, as well as policies needed to enhance the development of private sector manufacturing and industrial capabilities in the OE. These specialists provide technical expertise for monitoring and assessing the indigenous economy,,economic systems, and their potential for commercial activities that may require specific regulatory agencies, services, labor, resources, and industrial organizations and chambers. They also determine the capabilities and effectiveness of economic systems and the impact of those systems on stability.
The 38G/4C civil administration specialist advises and assists a civil administration on, or reestablishes and directs, the analysis, assessment, planning and implementation of policies and programs for developing and managing public sector human resources, in organizing and setting rules and standards for the civil service, in creating assessment and evaluation processes for public sector performance, and in improving management processes for delivery of public services. They recommend or reestablish processes, methods,and techniques for promoting accountability and transparency of public endeavors and in enhancing citizen access to, participation in, and information about local essential services (water treatment, such as drinking water and waste water), solid waste, police, schools, transportation, and health care. They provide technical expertise on the management of human resources, organization, policy analysis and statistics, budgeting, internal oversight, and ethics of conduct with an emphasis on the conduct and behavior of officials and personnel to govern with transparency and an understanding of human rights, while ensuring public awareness of and accountability to civil processes and programs, including local council meetings, elections, security, and transition of authority.
The 38G/4D laws, regulations, and policies specialist advises and assists on, or reestablishes and directs, the analysis, assessment, planning, and implementation of political systems and legal frameworks. This includes establishing, strengthening, or reforming constitutional, legislative, and political structures (both formal and traditional) to support stable and inclusive governance, nonviolent conflict management, and population and resources controls through either transitional military authority or political processes in the OE. They deliver technical expertise in the establishment of public-private systems of regulations and incentives, to include designing and/or operationalizing administrative, licensing, and regulatory systems. These systems include ordinances, codes, and other measures to establish standardized regulatory and oversight systems, consistent with human rights, indigenous and/or international standards.
The 38G/4D laws, regulations, and policies specialist provides guidance on construction of governing and political system(s), to include the development of legislative bodies capable of developing laws and conducting oversight and the coaching and mentorship of elected, unelected, and appointed public officials, particularly in legislative bodies in drafting legislation, conferencing, and supporting a full range of legislative processes. In addition, they support and facilitate legitimate political mobilization or participation based on an understanding of alternative political voting and representational systems. They are also familiar with traditional and formal systems of conflict management and governance at multiple levels (local, regional, national and global).
The 38G/4E environment and natural resources specialist advises and assists on, or reestablishes and directs, the management of environmental protection and resource management measures relating to land use for the protection of human health, natural resources, and native ecosystems. They emphasize balancing the preservation, access, and utilization of resources for development of economic opportunities at local communities through national interests. They also provide technical expertise to national and provincial officials on plans, policies, and laws related to the utilization of indigenous resources to benefit effective governance and economic stability, ensuring the safety of the ecosystem for the benefit of the entire population.
The 38G/4F energy specialist advises and assists on, or reestablishes and directs, the analysis, assessment, planning, and implementation of systems for the production and/or distribution of energy resources to meet the necessary interests of a society based upon a comprehensive understanding of the production and/or distribution of electric, petroleum, natural gas, coal, nuclear, and renewable energy resources. They also provide technical expertise to evaluate, establish, maintain, or rehabilitate systems for the production and/or distribution of energy resources to meet the necessary interests of a society.
The 38G/4G judiciary and legal system specialist advises and assists on, or reestablishes and directs, the analysis, assessment, planning, and implementation of systems for interpreting and enforcing laws. They provide technical expertise in comparative law systems comprising elements of civil law, common law, and so on, and of informal or traditional justice systems. This would include developing public officials at the national level on systems and processes of justice and accountability based on national and/or international legal standards. They also provide technical expertise to establish transitional justice institutions based on indigenous national and/or international laws and the associated systems for interpreting and enforcing those laws.
The 38G/4H corrections specialist advises and assists on, or reestablishes and directs, the analysis, evaluation, assessment, planning, and implementation of systems for corrections that provides for the safe and humane detention or incarceration of prisoners for the maintenance of public order and implementation of population controls. They also provide technical expertise at the national ministerial level to oversee the planning and operation of corrections or prisons systems, inmate rehabilitation and reintegration, and correctional training based on indigenous national and/or international standards. In addition, they are capable of establishing corrections administration policies with an emphasis on the management of corrections operations and detention operations, implementing criminal justice legislation and codes applicable to the administration of programs, and formulating strategies and policies for corrections activities as part of a comprehensive rule of law approach.
The 38G/5Y emergency management specialist advises and assists on, or reestablishes and directs, the development of indigenous emergency service assets in the preparation for the response to day-to-day emergency services. They provide advice and analysis and evaluation concerning protection of populations from natural and man-made environmental disasters. They also provide technical expertise to build, sustain,and improve indigenous capabilities to prepare for, protect against, respond to, recover from, and mitigate the effects of man-made or natural disasters.
The 38G/6C finance, money, and banking specialist advises and assists on, or reestablishes and directs,the analysis, assessment, planning and implementation of economic, banking, financial, and macro stabilization programs. They promote monetary, fiscal, banking and financial sector reform programs and policies to reestablish or enhance the development of indigenous economic stability and growth. They provide technical expertise, advice, and assistance at the national and provincial levels in monitoring, assessing, analyzing, and evaluating the indigenous economic systems and metrics related to banking and financial activities, agencies, services, personnel, and resources, to include the impact those systems and activities have on the cross-cutting functions of governance of budgetary systems, monetary and fiscal policies, revenue-producing systems, and treasury operations. They also assist in the development of financial sector programs and policies that stabilize and enhance the overall economic development and stability of the OE.
The 38G/6D education specialist advises and assists on, or reestablishes and directs, the administration of education systems and institutions at the national, regional, and provincial levels. They provide technical expertise at the national and provincial levels for the development, implementation, and administration of an educational system and required institutions for the conduct of system sustainability, comprehensive evaluations of educational systems, and identification of critical links and nodes. They also analyze and evaluate metrics in order to test the performance and effectiveness of internal system policies and procedures and to ascertain the cross-cutting impact of education and training on the development of professional and vocational skills for promoting a functioning economy.
The 38G/6E commerce and trade specialist advises and assists on, or reestablishes and directs, the analysis, assessment, planning, and implementation of economic, industrial, financial, and business programs and policies to enhance the development of economic stability in the OE. They provide technical expertise at the national and provincial levels for the administrative requirements of employing resources controls related to commerce and trade (price controls for import and export activities, import and export incentives and procedures, prevention of illicit commercial activities, monetary and fiscal policy implications for trade and commerce, and specific economic sector issues, such as the tourism, agriculture, and manufacturing industries). They also strengthen economic, industrial, financial, and business programs and policies by promoting economic stability and growth.
The 38G/6F transportation specialist advises and assists on, or reestablishes and directs the analysis, assessment, evaluation, planning, and implementation of transportation systems and infrastructure to meet the necessary requirements of a society. They provide technical expertise on developing and implementing safe, efficient, and accessible transportation, measuring the impact upon economic production and stability, and specifying methodologies for the oversight and management for rehabilitating, establishing, and maintaining transportation systems and agencies, to include infrastructure for waterways, ports, railroads, and airports.
The 38G/6G public water and sanitation specialist advises and assists on, or reestablishes and directs, the analysis, assessment, evaluation, planning, and implementation of systems from the national level down for the access to water resources and the impact on public health, agri-business, general industry, and stability. They provide technical expertise focused on the control, rehabilitation, or establishment and maintenance of water and sanitation systems and agencies for the sustainable collection and distribution of water for human consumption, agricultural irrigation, and utilization by industry. They also provide technical expertise for reinforcing the collection and treatment of solid waste and waste water and for maintaining flood control and drainage systems.
The 38G/6H law and border enforcement specialist advises and assists on, or reestablishes and directs, the analysis, assessment, evaluation, planning, and implementation of systems to enforce laws, to control and secure the populace, to exercise a legitimate monopoly through deterrence and prevention or the discovery and apprehension of threats to life, private property, and public assets, and for the maintenance of public order. They provide technical expertise at the national and subnational levels to develop and manage institutions designed to implement populace and resources controls, provide civil security, investigate crimes, and impose rule of law. In addition, they are capable of conducting ministerial level law and border administration with an emphasis on organizing and reestablishing a system for enforcement based upon national or international standards of policing, immigration, and importation enforcement policy.
The 38G/6R technology and telecommunications specialist advises and assists on, or reestablishes and directs, the analysis, assessment, evaluation, planning, and implementation of technology and telecommunications systems, policies, and agencies. They provide technical expertise at the national and subnational levels to implement technological policies and programs to support economic growth, education, governance, and civil participation. They also develop technology and telecommunications solutions, including institutions and systems based on an indigenous society’s capacity to absorb them.
The 38G/6U agri-business and food specialist advises and assists on, or reestablishes and directs, the analysis, assessment, evaluation, planning, and implementation of food and agriculture policies and administration. They provide technical expertise on systems and processes of resources controls and implementation of solutions for long-term sustainability, safety, and security of the agriculture system. They provide technical expertise on the effectiveness and vulnerabilities of the current indigenous production, processing, storage, and distribution of food, fiber, and wood products, and for the development and management of resources, agencies, services, personnel, and facilities essential to these activities. Categories of agricultural production include livestock, poultry, grain, vegetables, fruit, fish, fiber, and forestry products.
The 38G/6V heritage and preservation specialist advises and assists on, or reestablishes and directs ,the administration and management of all activities regarding cultural heritage assets at the national, regional, and provincial levels. They provide technical expertise on the systems and processes for the analysis, assessment, planning, and implementation of systems and methods to preserve and safeguard cultural heritage for the benefit of IPI. They also conduct ethnographic research and engagement in order to promote preservation of culture and cultural heritage.
Cultural heritage includes, but is not limited to—
The 38G/6W archivist specialist advises and assists on, and if necessary reestablishes, the administration and management of all activities regarding archivist assets at the national, regional, and provincial levels. They provide technical expertise on the systems and processes for the identification, recovery, appraisal, safeguarding, and disposal of official and semiofficial public documents and records relating to persons, groups, institutions, and property interests. They also implement systems and methods that ensure the preservation, safeguarding, and disposal of official and semiofficial public documents and records and assess or implement programs and policies based on broader USG efforts in coordination with HN partners.