A 38A Officer is a Civil Affairs Officer is a generalist across a wide range of Civilian related matters. The 38G, and its 18 specific skill identifiers, were created in order to support the Civil Affairs mission with additional professional expertise.
Civil Affairs Officers also rely upon other professionals that are not included in the 18 skill identifiers because the Army already has branches that provide expertise relating to the respective specialty. For this reason, the 38G program does not include specialties relating to medical, veterinarian, religious, international law or a variety of other civilian specialties since there are already civilian experts available to 38A Officers.
38G Military Government Specialists are subject matter experts, technically qualified and experienced individuals, who advise, enable, and assist commanders and their direct civilian counterparts with stabilizing and providing governance expertise until appropriate civilian control is possible.
Within their area of specialization, they possess the critical skills necessary to establish, support, or reestablish capability and capacity, as well as understand the regional and local impact of culture on that capability.