Discover the origins of the modern Citizen-Soldier
The Army Reserve was founded on April 23, 1908, when Congress passed a bill authorizing the Army to establish a reserve corps of medical officers. At the time, it was composed of 160 medical professionals. Today, the Reserve has over 205,000 Soldiers of many different specialties.
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The Medical Reserve Corps 1908-1918
In 1902, Secretary of War Elihu Root proposed the creation of a volunteer reserve to augment the Regular Army and National Guard in wartime. This idea “to increase the efficiency of the Medical Department of the United States Army” was thought necessary to overcome serious shortages of physicians experienced during the Spanish American War of 1898.
Army Reserve Records the War
Truman realized the importance of recording the Korean War’s history and initiated a federal historical program to record how the federal government was responding to communist aggression. Eight military history detachments reached Korea between March and June 1951. The Army activated Army Reserve officers to command the detachments, one being twenty-three-year-old Bevin Alexander.